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Campbell, Dr. Merritt Bates

Campbell, Dr. Merritt Bates[1, 2]

Male 1843 - 1911  (68 years)

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  • Name Campbell, Merritt Bates 
    Prefix Dr. 
    Nickname MB 
    Born 29 Nov 1843  Williston, Chittenden County, Vermont Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

    • [From Alma Campbell's letter]
      Your grandfather, Merritt Bates Campbell was born at Williston, Vermont, November 29, 1843, the eldest of four children. He grew up in a Methodist parsonage, and was trained in the finest of New England culture and tradition. His heritage was not that of material wealth, but of the highest manners, morals and ethics. Plain living with high thinking was the precept and practice of this household.
    Gender Male 
    AFN LWR2-N6D  [8
    Census 1860  Shelburne, Chittenden County, Vermont Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    Milit-Beg Feb 1864  Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    • He served as a medical cadet in the US Army from Feb, 1864 until his discharge Dec 12, 1965, including time at hospitals in Readville, MA, and Manchester, NH.
    Grad from 1866  Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [11, 12
    Address:
    Harvard Medical School 

    • [From Alma Campbell's letter]
      At the age of sixteen young Merritt was teaching school in a small town in Vermont, and spending all his spare time reading books borrowed from the old village doctor, this good man thought at first to forever discourage the young scientist, and started him with a long and dull treatise on the brain. But the youth was not to be discouraged, and after returning the book, and proving that he knew enough to talk about it, became an object of interest and was rewarded with more interesting ones, and many pleasant conversations. At nineteen he entered Harvard medical school and after one course of lectures became a medical cadet, and served for the remaining years of the Civil War in a base hospital near Boston. After finishing his medical course of two years, and receiving his diploma from Harvard, he became assistant to a practicing physician, but the restless pioneer spirit soon drove him westward, and his journey ended at Wilmington Illinois, a thriving country town.
    Residence 1873  Joliet, Will County, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location  [13

    • [From Alma Campbell's letter]
      In 1873, the family moved a few miles north to the rapidly growing little city of Joliet where for fifteen years, in addition to his general practice, he was physician at the state penitentiary. Observations in this institution led to his first research work, he became much interested in the subject of crime, its cause and cure, and was led to believe that the primal cause was alcohol. He was an intense worker, both physical and mental, and felt that his health and strength were equal to any strain. During this period he sometimes kept at his work three days and nights without sleep.
    Occupation 1881  Joliet, Will County, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location  [14
    physician and surgeon 
    Address:
    Campbell's Block, Chicago at the corner of Van Buren 
    Residence Oct 1889  Claremont, Los Angeles County, California Find all individuals with events at this location  [13
    Address:
    1333 Mountain Avenue 

    • [From Alma Campbell's letter]
      In the later eighties father's health began to fail, great overwork, both physical and mental, with nervous strain began to tell, and he developed trouble which demanded less strenuous work for a time.

      The winter of 1888-89 called for a visit to a warmer climate, and he and mother spent part of it in Mexico, where the accommodations were rather primitive, for tourist travel to Mexico was not developed very much at that time.

      The following fall father came to California by way of Panama, traveling across the isthmus on a little railway. His health greatly improved, he and mother came the following winter, at which time they bought the first orange grove set out in the San Gabriel valley, with trees brought from Italy by the owner Mr. Loop. This was near Claremont. The location was chosen because of the educational advantages offered by Pomona College, which was just started and had at that time only a preparatory school. Each year a college year was added and the first class was graduated in 1894.

      In the summer of 1891 the family moved to Claremont and took up their residence on the old ranch. During that year father bought and planted more land so that at one time he had nearly eighty acres of citrus trees.
    Occupation 1892  Patton, San Bernardino County, California Find all individuals with events at this location  [13, 15
    founding Superintendent, until 1904, 
    Address:
    Patton State Hospital 

    • [From Alma Campbell's letter]
      The following year however, he was appointed superintendent of the state hospital at Patton, which was then under construction. He held this position for twelve years, resigning in 1904. The family home was maintained on the ranch until 1902 and during this time from one to three children were always in preparatory school or college. Aunt Elizabeth Campbell, father's sister, lived with us on the ranch from 1895 or '96 until we moved at which time she went to live in Los Angeles. A house was built for the superintendent of the hospital that year and the home was moved to Patton in the spring. For the preceding ten years mother spent most of her time on the ranch but made frequent visits to Patton. Father, on the other hand, spent one day a week at home. During these years he worked hard and was confined closely.

      [From "Patton Remembered," pg. ii]
      A patchwork of six parcels of land totaling 360 acres and edging toward the foothills north of San Bernardino was selected in the spring of 1890 as the site for the fourth of California's mental hospitals, the Southern California Asylum for the Insane... [later the facility] was named the Southern California State Asylum for the Insane and Inebriates... The first building was completed in 1893. The asylum was declared open on August 1st and received first inmates on August 2nd. Dr. M. B. Campbell was the Medical Director.

      [From "Patton Remembered," pg. 5]
      First payroll, July 1893, shows M. B. Campbell, Medical Director, was paid $291.65 toward an annual salary of $3500.
    Residence 20 Jul 1898  Patton, San Bernardino County, California Find all individuals with events at this location  [16, 17
    Address:
    Highland Precinct 
    • Described as 5' 7", light complexion, blue eyes and dark hair; a physician, born in Vermont.
    Census 1900  Patton, San Bernardino County, California Find all individuals with events at this location  [18
    Address:
    Patton State Hospital 
    • Married, Head of House; Superintendent of Highland
    Residence Between 1904 and 1908  Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California Find all individuals with events at this location  [13
    Address:
    1608 Orange Street, [Now Wilshire Boulevard], 

    • [From Alma Campbell's letter]
      Mother died at Patton on October 31, 1902, of pneumonia after an illness of one week. Two years later the family moved to Los Angeles where father bought a house at 1608 Orange Street now Wilshire Boulevard. Father was in practice there for four years.
    Census 1910  Heber, Imperial County, California Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Address:
    Calexico Township 
    • Calexico Township, April 27-28, 1910; Enumeration District 5; Series T624, Roll 77, pg 184.
      Address: 68 Heber Ranch East; 66 years old, widowed; married 41 years; farmer with a hay ranch, owner; farm schedule #49. Living with him was daughter Elizabeth R Campbell, age 29, single, "none" for occupation.
    _AMTID 302051497413:1030:155362986 
    _UID 950F910BE7B61C48BEE051A097E17747063E 
    Died 1 Dec 1911  Heber, Imperial County, California Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 13, 19

    • [From Alma Campbell's letter]
      In January, 1908, father had a very serious attack of pneumonia and although he got up from this, and with his usual energy attended to his business and did a good deal of manual work, he was never well again or free from pain. The previous year he had acquired some ranch land in the new and rapidly developing Imperial Valley and as soon as he was well enough, went down there, taking with him Walter Meack, the son of his cousin Laura. Cousin Laura lived with us during this time, about three months. After this summer father spent much of his time in Imperial Valley, his daughter Elizabeth (Aunt Bess) being with him most of the time. In the spring of 1911 father built a good bungalow on a fourteen-acre piece of land in the little town at Heber, where he died on December 1, 1911.
    Buried SAY 5 Dec 1911  Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California Find all individuals with events at this location  [20, 21
    Address:
    Hollywood Forever Cemetery 
    Campbell, Merritt Bates - gravestone
    Merritt Bates Campbell gravestone
    Person ID I61  Tree_2_McCallroots
    Last Modified 13 Dec 2018 

    Father Campbell, Alexander,   b. 28 Sep 1816, Chesterfield, Essex County, New York Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 May 1882, North Granville, Washington County, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Mother Tracy, Alma,   b. 24 Mar 1822, Shelburne, Chittenden County, Vermont Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Aug 1864, Center Rutland, Rutland County, Vermont Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 42 years) 
    Married 9 Oct 1842  [3
    Residence 1850  Salem, Washington Country, New York Find all individuals with events at this location  [22
    Family ID F49  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Pennington, Hannah Elizabeth,   b. 17 Nov 1849, Wilmington, New Castle, Delaware Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Oct 1902, Patton, San Bernardino County, California Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Married 16 Jun 1869  Wilmington, Will County, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 13, 23, 24

    • [From Alma Campbell's letter]
      ...the restless pioneer spirit soon drove him westward, and his journey ended at Wilmington Illinois, a thriving country town. Here he met and married Hannah Elizabeth Pennington, a girl of nineteen, who was a helpmeet indeed, and whose alert mind and ready sympathies shared his ideals and aspirations and rejoiced in his achievements...

      ...On June 16, 1869, she married Merritt Bates Campbell. The day was ushered in by a heavy frost, following several weeks of warm weather, and stoves were brought out and set up for the occasion. The wedding trip of this young couple took them as far as Bloomington and Springfield where they were caught in a heavy rain and father went to purchase an umbrella. Although characterized all his later life by extremely good and accurate taste, he was in his youth slightly color blind, and returned not with the green umbrella, which was wanted, but a beautiful blue one. And for the three days of their honeymoon they plodded around under this brilliant canopy.

      Their first meal in their own home was spread on a little drop leaf table, one of the pieces that father purchased at "secondhand" when he furnished the one room in which he slept and doctored his patients for three years.


    Census 22 Jul 1870  Wilmington, Will County, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location  [25
    • Living with his wife, Lillie; also boarders: Mary McCabe, 19, a domestic servant born in Ireland; Charles Barton, 14, "does chores" born in Illinois; James Relark (?), age 27, a saloon keeper, born in Ireland.
    Census 1880  Joliet, Will County, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location  [26
    Address:
    368 Eastern Avenue 
    • Household includes John Campbell, age 26, a single cousin who is a physician. He was born in Ohio and both his parents were born in New England.
    Residence 1881  Joliet, Will County, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location  [14
    Address:
    46 Eastern Avenue 
    Residence 14 Oct 1892  Claremont, Los Angeles County, California Find all individuals with events at this location  [17
    Address:
    Lordsburg 
    • Described as 5' 8", light complexion, blue eyes and dark hair; a physician, born in Vermont.
    Children 
    +1. Campbell, Dr. Robert Alexander,   b. 9 Jun 1870, Wilmington, Will County, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Jun 1960, Whittier, Los Angeles County, California Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 90 years)
     2. Campbell, Alma Tracy,   b. 21 Sep 1872, Wilmington, Will County, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 May 1938, Claremont, Los Angeles County, California Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)
     3. Campbell, Charles Merritt,   b. SAY Oct 1874, Joliet, Will County, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1880, Joliet, Will County, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 5 years)
     4. Campbell, Mary Pennington,   b. 28 Oct 1876, Joliet, Will County, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Sep 1958, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years)
    +5. Campbell, Cora Belle,   b. 17 Nov 1878, Joliet, Will County, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Aug 1966, Claremont, Los Angeles County, California Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years)
     6. Campbell, Elizabeth Rice,   b. Jan 1881, Joliet, Will County, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jan 1962, Huntington Park, Los Angeles County, California Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 81 years)
    Last Modified 14 Dec 2018 
    Family ID F15  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 29 Nov 1843 - Williston, Chittenden County, Vermont Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1860 - Shelburne, Chittenden County, Vermont Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilit-Beg - Feb 1864 - Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsGrad from - Address:
    Harvard Medical School - 1866 - Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts
    Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 16 Jun 1869 - Wilmington, Will County, Illinois Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 22 Jul 1870 - Wilmington, Will County, Illinois Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1873 - Joliet, Will County, Illinois Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Address:
    368 Eastern Avenue - 1880 - Joliet, Will County, Illinois
    Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - physician and surgeon - 1881 - Joliet, Will County, Illinois Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Address:
    46 Eastern Avenue - 1881 - Joliet, Will County, Illinois
    Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Address:
    1333 Mountain Avenue - Oct 1889 - Claremont, Los Angeles County, California
    Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - founding Superintendent, until 1904, - 1892 - Patton, San Bernardino County, California Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Address:
    Lordsburg - 14 Oct 1892 - Claremont, Los Angeles County, California
    Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Address:
    Highland Precinct - 20 Jul 1898 - Patton, San Bernardino County, California
    Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Address:
    Patton State Hospital - 1900 - Patton, San Bernardino County, California
    Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Address:
    1608 Orange Street, [Now Wilshire Boulevard], - Between 1904 and 1908 - Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California
    Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Address:
    Calexico Township - 1910 - Heber, Imperial County, California
    Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 1 Dec 1911 - Heber, Imperial County, California Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - Address:
    Hollywood Forever Cemetery - SAY 5 Dec 1911 - Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California
    Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Dr. Merritt Bates Campbell
    Dr. Merritt Bates Campbell
    about 1906

    Headstones
    Campbell, Dr. Merritt Bates - headstone
    Campbell, Dr. Merritt Bates - headstone

  • Notes 
    • Family lore says: he was a physician and served as a surgeon for the Union Army during the Civil War. He later was doctor at Statesville Penitentiary in Joliet, IL (1878-1890). His daughter Cora Belle Campbell was delivered by her father in the prison hospital; served as founding Superintendent of the State Hospital at Patton, California.

  • Sources 
    1. [S259] Directory of Deceased American Physicians, 1804-1929.

    2. [S1253] California Death Index, 1905 -1939.

    3. [S1207] Campbell, Alexander - Family Bible.

    4. [S131] Letter from Alma Tracy Campbell, 1935, pg 1.

    5. [S1199] Vermont, Vital Records, 1720-1908, 10 December 2015; birth record of MB Campbell.

    6. [S140] 1910 US Census - CA: Imperial County, Series T624, Roll 77, pg. 184.

    7. [S1460] 1860 US Census - VT: Chittenden County, Year: 1860; Census Place: Shelburn, Chittenden, Vermont; Roll: M653_1319; Page: 512; Image: 528; Family History Library Film: 805319.

    8. [S1121] Cordle, Absalom - FamilySearch.org by AFN: K6HF-3CF.

    9. [S1460] 1860 US Census - VT: Chittenden County, Page: 1319; Image: 512; M653_53.

    10. [S857] U. S. College Student Lists, 1763-1924, 5 November 2013; Harvard University, pg. 298.

    11. [S131] Letter from Alma Tracy Campbell, 1935 (Reliability: 2).

    12. [S259] Directory of Deceased American Physicians, 1804-1929 (Reliability: 3).
      Journal of the American Medical Association, 57:2015. Allopath, licensed in Illinois, 1877. Also shows graduation from the Chicago Homeopathic Medical College, 1897.

    13. [S131] Letter from Alma Tracy Campbell, 1935.

    14. [S1230] U. S. City Directories 1821-1989 (Ancestry.com).

    15. [S142] Patton Remembered.
      M. B. Campbell, M.D. Medical Superintendent 1893-1904

    16. [S1271] California, Voter Registers, 1866-1898, California State Library, California History Section; Great Registers, 1866-1898; Collection Number: 4 - 2A; CSL Roll Number: 39; FHL Roll Number: 977093.

    17. [S1834] California Great Registers, 1866-1910 (FS), abstracted; 14 November 2018; elector #26024, pg. 439.

    18. [S1467] 1900 US Census - CA: San Bernardino.

    19. [S1146] California Death Index, 1905-1939 (FS), downloaded; 18 July 2015; death record for MB Campbell.

    20. [S1255] Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current.

    21. [S110] Campbell family monument - Hollywood Forever.

    22. [S1371] 1850 US Census - NY: Washington County, Salem, Family 278, image 192.

    23. [S143] Illinois Statewide Marriage Index (Reliability: 3).

    24. [S1467] 1900 US Census - CA: San Bernardino, Highland; 0253; pg. 1A; MB Campbell; 11 October 2011.

    25. [S867] 1870 US Census - IL: Will County, City of Wilmington; p. 43; dwelling 357, family 366; MB Campbell; 5 October 2016.

    26. [S1459] 1880 US Census - IL: Will County, FHL Film 1254260; NA Film Number T9-0260; Pg. 143B .